Response to Climate Change

Opportunities and Risks posed by Climate Change

We recognize that risks and opportunities posed by climate change are important business issues.
As for our response to climate change, we have established a company-wide working group (WG) and discuss action plans, which include orientation, goals, and targets. The WG brings together the responsible parties in related business organizations, the discussed action plan is approved by the Executive Committee which the Board of Directors delegates authority to, and the plan is spread to all companies and organizations in the Group.
The WG is considering countermeasures against climate change that companies should engage in while referring to the contents of the CDP* Climate Change Questionnaire and Final Report (Recommendations) of Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD)**. Based on the predicted impact of climate change published by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and various research institutes, we are in the process of organizing climate-related long-term opportunities, risks (physical and transition), and financial impact that will occur in continuing corporate operations.
For example, we recognize the impact of climate change as an opportunity, and receives profit from the development and sales of fuel-efficient products. In addition, there are some countermeasures that have launched in response to the risks of the strengthen environmental regulations in each country, such as changing fuel sources, making active use of renewable energy, and improving the energy efficiency of facilities. In future, we will prioritize these opportunities and risks that have been organized, evaluate the business impact using scenarios that are based on scientific evidence, and set long-term targets.

  • * An international NGO working in environmental fields (climate change, water security and forest). Uses questionnaires to collect information related to companies’ CO2 emissions and initiatives on climate change, etc., evaluate and disclose.
  • ** Established by the Financial Stability Board (FSB) in 2015 for the purpose of discussing the financial industry’s response to climate change issues.

Main opportunities and risks

Opportunity and Risk Climate Change Situation Potentially Material Impact on Business
Opportunity Transition to low-carbon energy/distributed energy, making use of incentives provided as policy, more efficient transportation methods, use of manufacturing and logistics processes Reduction of operational costs (improved efficiency, reduction of fuel costs, etc.)
Low-carbon products, technology, development of services, substitution/diversification of resources, diversification of business activities, increased demand for products adapted for physical risks Revenue growth due to increased demand for compatible products
New market development Revenue growth in new and emerging markets
Physical Risks Growing seriousness of extreme climate phenomena (typhoon, heavy rain) Interruption or decrease in production capacity, employees suffering from the disaster
Changes in precipitation patterns and weather patterns, increase in average temperatures, rise in sea level Decline in labor force (adverse impacts on employee health and safety, etc.)
Regulatory Risks Increased obligation to report GHG emissions, strengthening and restricting enforcement of products and services, increased litigation risk Increased business costs (expansion in purchases of emission credit, etc.)
Transition to low-carbon technology, products, and services (replacing existing products), failure in transition Increased costs for introduction of new business processes (increased manufacturing costs, purchase of renewable energy certifications, etc.)
Changes in customer behavior, demands from business partners, and raw materials used Jump in input (raw material, energy, water) and output (water disposal) prices
Changes in customer preferences, decline in reputation in the industry as a whole, negative feedback from stakeholders, decline in interest Revenue reduction due to reduction in production capability (approval of a plan to delay, obstacles in the supply chain, etc.)

Reduction of Energy Consumption

We are moving forward with efforts to reduce energy consumption through the effective use of energy required for business activities both in and outside the organization in order to contribute to the alleviation of climate change. Efforts are also being made to develop new products and technologies that contribute to climate change alleviation and adaption.
For example, TOYO TIRE ZHANGJIAGANG CO., LTD. renovated its plant to reduce power usage at the vulcanization process, which requires the largest amount of energy within the production process. As a result, this subsidiary in China was able to reduce more than 50% of its power usage of said process in FY2019.
And we are working to develop fuel efficient tires. According to the Japan Automobile Tyre Manufacturers Association’s Tyre LCCO2 Calculation Guidelines Ver. 2.0, it is calculated that compared to General Purpose Tires, Fuel Efficient Tires can reduce fuel consumption resulting from tires by 18.8 L/tire for PCR (Passenger Car Radial) and 50 L/tire for TBR (Truck and Bus Radial) per tire life.

Energy Consumption within the Organization


2017 2018 2019
Total fuel consumption 7561.1 7473.0 7346.3
By Region
Japan 4314.9 4213.8 3991.7
US 1654.7 1725.0 1810.0
Asia (Excluding Japan) 1591.5 1534.2 1544.4 
Type of Source
Non-Renewable Sources (gas, heavy oil) 4798.8 4927.8 5065.8 
Renewable Sources (Solar, Thermal Recycle by Used tire) 216.8 138.3 2.91 
Purchased electricity 2222.5 2082.9 1963.3 
Reference: Percentage of renewable energy* in purchased electricity 15.6%
Purchased Steam 323.0 324.1 314.2
  • * Renewable energy sources can include geothermal, wind, solar, hydro, and biomass.
  • **In 2019, the Sendai plant (Toyo Tire Corporation, Japan) converted the factory's thermal energy source from waste tires to natural gas.


2017 2018 2019
Tire production volume (new rubber) 238.4 248.6 245.6
By Region
Japan 129.7 134.0 130.6
US 66.8 71.4 70.1
Asia (Excluding Japan) 41.9 43.2 44.9

Energy consumption outside of the organization (in Logistics)

2017 2018 2019
Raw material/product transportation energy consumption in Japan(1000GJ) 148.4 143.7 127.8
  • *Main efforts to reduce energy consumption: introduce containers and undertake modal shifts (train, and marine transport), and utilize consolidated shipments

Energy intensity

2017 2018 2019
Energy consumption /Sales (GJ/million yen) 18.7 19.0 19.5
Reference: In-house management goals and results
  • Goals: Reduce energy consumption per unit of production by at least 1% year-on-year
  • Boundary: TOYO TIRE Corp. (Sendai Plant, Kuwana Plant (tire/ Automotive Parts), Hyogo Manufacturing Complex), Fukushima Rubber Co., Ltd., Toyo Soflan Co., Ltd., Ayabe Toyo Rubber Co., Ltd.
  • Management unit: By business locations
  • FY2019 results: Percentage of sites that achieved the target 57.1%

The case of reducing energy consumption

  • Increasing efficiency of energy use by repairing piping and introducing high-efficiency equipment
  • Reducing energy consumption by automating operations
  • Reducing energy consumption by improving use of air-conditioners and lighting

Reductions in Energy Requirements of Products (Fuel Efficient Tires)

2017 2018 2019
Amount of reductions in energy consumption(GJ/㎞) *Estimated values 164.0 186.7 169.2
*Reference: Production ratio of Fuel Efficient Tires
Tires for Passenger Vehicles (PCR) 25.1% 28.6% 20.7%
Tires for Trucks and Buses (TBR) 21.6% 25.3% 21.0%

- Main Fuel Efficient Tires produced in fiscal 2019:

Tires for Passenger Vehicles (PCR)

  • NANO ENERGY0: Obtained the highest grade of “AAA” for rolling resistance. Reduced rolling resistance 40% (compared to traditional products)
  • TRANPATH ML: Obtained “AA” grade for rolling resistance for all sizes. Reduced rolling resistance 8% (compared to traditional products)

Tires for Trucks and Buses (TBR)

  • NANOENERGY M176: Reduced rolling resistance 9% (compared to traditional products)
  • *Rating System Labeling and Fuel Costs:
    Tire Fair Trade Council of Japan has found in their testing that a one-step difference in the rating means a 1% difference in fuel cost. For example, our TRANPATH ML has a rolling resistance rating of “AA”. So, it will require 3% less** in fuel costs compared to a tire with “C” rating.
  • **The actual savings will vary depending on the vehicle and the way it is driven.
through Higher Boiler Energy Efficiency
Goal 7 Goal 13

The vulcanization process is part of the tire manufacturing process for grooving treads by applying heat and pressure to achieve higher elasticity and durability. As such, the process requires copious amounts of steam and accounts for a large portion of energy consumption at the manufacturing process. At TOYO TYRE MALAYSIA SDN BHD, they have introduced equipment that efficiently recovers exhaust heat from steam boilers at the vulcanization process to preheat water to be fed to the boilers, thus increasing energy efficiency.
With this equipment, the feed-water temperature can be increased by more than thirty degrees centigrade, which has resulted in a more than 20% reduction in natural gas consumed by the boilers. This is equivalent to an approximately 2,400-ton reduction in annual CO2 emissions, in recognition of which they received the Toyota Environmental Award from their customer, Toyota Motor Corporation.
Besides this, they have introduced a solar power generation system to reduce CO2 emissions. Going forward, this subsidiary in Malaysia will make continued efforts to reduce CO2 emissions over the product life cycle by relentlessly pursuing higher energy use efficiency in their business undertakings and replacing the current energy sources with renewable alternatives.

Reduction of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are said to be the main cause of climate change, and we are working to reduce GHG emissions by making effective use of energy through business activities both in and outside the organization and our products. Although, energy consumption increase with increasing production volume, we are promoting fuel conversion and equipment renewal at manufacturing bases as a countermeasure to scope 1 and 2.
Ayabe Toyo Rubber Co., Ltd. converted its boiler fuel from heavy oil to LP gas in 2019, which helped them reduce CO2 emissions significantly.
And we are promoting development of Fuel Efficient Tires as a countermeasure to scope 3, too.
A calculation of GHG emissions throughout the Group’s value chain based on the Japan Automobile Tyre Manufacturers Association Tyre LCCO2 Calculation Guidelines Ver. 2.0 reveals that GHG emissions during scope 3 category 11 (product use stage) account for at least 85% of overall GHG emissions. We are engaged in efforts to develop fuel efficient tires, and according to the same guidelines, fuel efficient tires can reduce GHG emissions during the use of the tire 51.6 kg CO2e/tire for PCR (Passenger Car Radial) and 433.5 kg CO2e/tire for TBR (Truck and Bus Radial) compared to General Purpose Tires.

GHG emissions


2017 2018 2019
Direct (Scope 1) GHG emissions 320.8 313.3 296.3*
By Region
Japan 232.4 226.1 204.7
US 51.0 53.6 57.8
Asia (Excluding Japan) 37.5 33.7 33.8
Energy indirect (Scope 2) GHG emissions 337.9 313.0 294.6*
By Region
Japan 126.3 99.2 70.4
US 86.3 86.7 91.2
Asia (Excluding Japan) 125.4 127.2 133.0
2017 2018 2019
Other indirect (Scope 3) GHG emissions 13144.1 13515.8 13626.4
  • *Third-party verified data
  • **Type of GHG: CO2
2017 2018 2019
GHG emissions intensity (Scope 1+2 /Sales (t-CO2/million yen)) 1.63 1.59 1.57
Reference: In-house management goals and results
  • Goals: Reduce CO2 emissions per unit of production 15% compared to fiscal 2005 by December 2019
  • Boundary: TOYO TIRE Corp. (Sendai Plant, Kuwana Plant, Hyogo Manufacturing Complex), Fukushima Rubber Co., Ltd.
  • Management unit: Scope1+2/production volume(t-CO2/t)
  • FY2019 results: 19.9% reduction from FY2005

GHG emissions reduced as a direct result of reduction initiatives in FY 2019


Introduced the highly efficient systems (reducing energy consumption): 372.1
Reducing the energy loss 2155.3
Change to LED 18.1
Others 489.3
  • *Type of GHG: CO2
  • **Scope of reduced GHG emissions: Scope 1 & 2
  • ***Boundary: in Japan

Emissions of ozone-depleting substances (ODS)

2017 2018 2016
Emissions of ozone-depleting substances (ODS) (kg *CFH-11 conversion value) 2.39 0.47 0.06
  • *Type of ODS: HCFC, HFC

Nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulfur oxides (SOx), and other significant air emissions


2017 2018 2019
NOx 349.3 325.0  183.1
SOx 19.3 5.66 3.71
VOC 793.3 719.4 573.4
Reference: In-house management goals and results
  • Goals: Reduce VOC emissions by 50% compared to fiscal 2000 and maintain it.
  • Boundary: TOYO TIRE Corp. (Sendai Plant, Kuwana Plant, Hyogo Manufacturing Complex), Fukushima Rubber Co., Ltd., Toyo Soflan Co., Ltd., Ayabe Toyo Rubber Co., Ltd.
  • Management unit: VOC emissions
  • FY2019 results: 77.5% reduction from FY2000


To ensure the veracity and reliability of data that it discloses, the Toyo Tire Group obtained the independent practitioner’s assurance of the FY2019 environmental data. (As per the procedures of the independent practitioner)
- Scope: The scope of verification is Scope 1 and 2 emissions, energy consumption, water intake and drainage.
- Boundary: 22 sites (1 management, 21 sites of development and manufacture)
* Excluding off-site mobile units
Japan: 12 sites
TOYO TIRE Corp. (Headquarters, Sendai Plant, Kuwana Plant (tire/ Automotive Parts), Hyogo Manufacturing Complex, Tire Technical Center, Automotive Parts Technical Center, Corporate Technology Center, Tire Proving Ground), Fukushima Rubber Co., Ltd., Toyo Soflan Co., Ltd., Ayabe Toyo Rubber Co., Ltd., Orient Machinery Co., Ltd. (Headquarters, Sendai branch)
Americas: 2 sites
Asia (Excluding Japan): 6 sites

- Period Subject to Report: from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.
- Criteria of Verification: ISO14064-3: 2006 and the SGS verification protocol.
- Verification Organization (a third-party): SGS Japan Inc.

Please click here to read more about verification statement.

Tire Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)

The following are greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for the life cycle of tires calculated based on Japan Automobile Tyre Manufacturers Association’s Tyre LCCO2 Calculation Guidelines Ver. 2.0. These Guidelines have been developed by referring to standards and systems related to LCA in Japan and abroad (ISO 14044, the Japanese Carbon Footprint system, PAS2050, BPX30-323, and GHG protocol).

[Tires for Passenger Car Radial] Calculation was performed for the most popular tire size (195/65R15).
  • General Purpose Tires (per Tire): 300.6 kgCO2e
  • Fuel Efficient Tires (per Tire): 243.9 kgCO2e

GHG emissions over the lifecycle of a PCR tire (LCCO2)


[Tires for Truck and Bus Radial] Calculation was performed for the most popular tire size (275/80R22.5).
  • General Purpose Tires (per Tire): 2,330.3 kgCO2e
  • Fuel Efficient Tires (per Tire): 1,888.1 kgCO2e

GHG emissions over the lifecycle of TBR tire (LCCO2)


  • *GHG emission reduction effects of recycling
    For PCR, calculation was performed taking into account the emission reduction effects of thermal use (thermal recycling).
    For TBR, calculation was performed taking into account the emission reduction effects of thermal use (thermal recycling), product reuse (retreading), and material reuse (material recycling).
  • **Reference: Japan Automobile Tyre Manufacturers Association